The Santa Rosa Amerindian Community is the only organized area of Amerindian Survival in Trinidad and Tobago. They were formally recognized as representative of the Indigenous Amerindians of the twin-island state by the National Government in 1980.
About: Their Historical continuity is remarkable. As a community they have existed since the early Spanish period, and before that archaeological and proto-historical data indicate almost 5000 years of settlement in the island. This extraordinary continuity despite the extraordinary ruptures of Spanish Conquest and Colonization is the fundamental factor in their continuing and powerful indigenous self-identification.
The Community consists of at least 400 members of which probably only 80 are active in this everyday life. It is urban and based in Arima. All members are identified on the basis of lineage and residence. The Lineage component is the most significant marker of belonging and elders in the Community have remarkable genealogical memory. Certain family names are associated with those of Amerindian ancestry – Boneo, Campo, Calderon, Castillo, Hernandez, Martinez, Peña.